• News
  • Entertaiment

Fossil reveals human-sized penguin once roamed New Zealand

Fossil reveals human-sized penguin once roamed New Zealand

The prehistoric penguin lived between 55 and 60 million years ago and stood about 5 feet 10 inches tall and could weigh as much as 220 pounds.

This illustration provided by Gerald Mayr shows the sizes of an ancient giant penguin Kumimanu biceae and a human being.

Artististic reconstruction of the Paleocene giant penguin Kumimanu biceae.

The partially-fossilized skeleton was unearthed from a beach, in the Otago region of New Zealand's South Island.

Artistic reconstruction of Kumimanu biceae.

Penguins share a common ancestor with flying birds from which they diverged millions of years ago, losing the ability to get airborne but becoming accomplished swimmers instead.

In a study published Tuesday in the journal Nature Communications, the New Zealand and German research team show that the birds probably evolved to be that big because they couldn't fly. It's extremely old, being not only the earliest known giant penguin, but also one of the first penguins, period.

They found evidence of one in New Zealand, a 60-million-year-old fossil encased in an ultra-hard sedimentary rock.

"The fossils are among the earliest known finds of penguins and it is noteworthy that these earliest forms were enormously large", one of the researchers, Dr Gerald Mayr, from the Senckenberg Research Institute in Frankfurt, explained in a statement.

Scientists named the formidable giant penguin Kumimanu biceae - where "kumi" is a terrifying monster in Maori mythology and "manu" is the Maori word for "bird".

Icadyptes and Inkayacu were human-sized penguins with sharp, heron-like beaks that patrolled the coast of Peru more than 30 million years ago. What they found was that K. biceae had bone features somewhere in between its descendants and older penguins, like Waimanu, a "proto" penguin species discovered in New Zealand that is older (but much shorter) than K. biceae. Kumimanu appears to be a primitive offshoot of the penguin lineage, far outside the branch that most giant penguins belonged to - a now-extinct arm of a modern penguin family called Palaeeudyptinae that existed 15 to 20 million years after Kumimanu's time.

It's not very often researchers find the remains of enormous penguins from before the Paleocene period, which marked the start of the mass-extinction event that wiped out many non-avian dinosaurs and huge marine reptiles. We now know, incredibly, that ancestral penguins survived the event that killed the big, non-bird dinos, and then rapidly blew up in size. Studies suggest early penguins were brownish, not the trademark black and white of today's penguins, Mayr said.

"It is possible that the disappearance of large marine reptiles enabled the penguins to explore new ecological niches". Around 33 million years ago, large marine mammals like tusked dolphins, whales, and seals-all of which had a hefty appetite for seafood-began to populate the world's oceans.

Leave Your Comment

Leave Your Comment


Latest News

  • Romelu Lukaku has flopped at Man Utd - here's why

    Romelu Lukaku has flopped at Man Utd - here's why

    Former Newcastle and England striker Alan Shearer believes the £75million spent by Manchester United on Romelu Lukaku is starting to look like a waste of money.
    Merriam-Webster's word of the year for 2017 is 'feminism'

    Merriam-Webster's word of the year for 2017 is 'feminism'

    The word also saw an increase due to female-heavy casts and storylines of women's empowerment in entertainment. In a year that brought us a lot of buzzwords, dictionary Merriam-Webster has chosen " feminism " as its No. 1.
  • Ohio College Student Attempted Trading Chicken Alfredo For Sex With Minor

    Ohio College Student Attempted Trading Chicken Alfredo For Sex With Minor

    A Youngstown State University student from Orwell was picked up in the Austintown Police Department's latest sex sting. He also said, after the "boy" had made his age known, that he wanted to have sex with him, according to the reports.
    Jenkins, husband of Japanese ex-abductee to N. Korea, dies at 77

    Jenkins, husband of Japanese ex-abductee to N. Korea, dies at 77

    But they also became minor celebrities when they acted in North Korean propaganda films, starring as Western villains. The others reportedly died in North Korea, including James Dresnok who was said to have died of a stroke in 2016 .
    Transgender Military Recruits to Enlist On January First As Planned

    Transgender Military Recruits to Enlist On January First As Planned

    In her decision, she noted that she was "not convinced by the vague claims" that the January 1 deadline needed to be delayed. He proposed that transgender people would be able to enlist in the military by July 2017.
  • Gianluigi Donnarumma: AC Milan back Italy keeper after fans abuse

    Gianluigi Donnarumma: AC Milan back Italy keeper after fans abuse

    Massimiliano Mirabelli added that the club have not met Donnarumma's agent, Mino Raiola and there was "nothing else to say". During a cup match against Verona , Milan supporters showed their discontent towards the 18-year-old 'keeper.
    Putin Declares Victory on Surprise Syria Visit, Announces Partial Pullout

    Putin Declares Victory on Surprise Syria Visit, Announces Partial Pullout

    Putin made the stopover at the base in Latakia province, a regime stronghold, on his way to Egypt where he arrived later on December 11.
    New Harry Potter Mobile Game Will Let You Enroll in Hogwarts

    New Harry Potter Mobile Game Will Let You Enroll in Hogwarts

    Harry Potter continues to be a global phenomenon. "Theoretically, this game could be going on for many years", DeWolfe explains. This upcoming game will be joining the ranks of Universal Orlando's " Wizarding World " and an ever growing film universe .
  • Western Digital (WDC) Updates Q2 Earnings Guidance

    The data storage provider reported $3.56 EPS for the quarter, beating the Thomson Reuters' consensus estimate of $3.01 by $0.55. Western Digital has $140 highest and $39 lowest target. $107.45's average target is 27.86% above currents $84.04 stock price.
    SpaceX And NASA Delay Historic Reusable Rocket ISS Launch

    SpaceX And NASA Delay Historic Reusable Rocket ISS Launch

    Since then, crews have modernized the pad and improved its automation, turnaround abilities and infrastructure. This mission will mark the first launch at the pad since it was heavily damaged in a 2016 Falcon 9 explosion.
    Lallana's Fitness to be Closely Managed, Moreno and Matip Still Sidelined

    Lallana's Fitness to be Closely Managed, Moreno and Matip Still Sidelined

    Lallana is expected to be back sooner than centre back Joel Matip , who is recovering from a thigh problem. "That's it. He trains completely normally. "It's not clear, we play tomorrow but not clear", Klopp said in his press conference.
  • Four injured in New York City blast, suspect nabbed

    Four injured in New York City blast, suspect nabbed

    The blast took place in an underground passageway at the Port Authority subway station, the authorities said. "It was scary. NY state Governor Andrew Cuomo, speaking at a news conference near the site, described the device as "amateur-level".

    Stock Views And Recommendations: Microsoft Corporation (NASDAQ:MSFT)

    Investor speculation and demand also help increase a share's price over time. 28 funds opened positions while 42 raised stakes. Microsoft Corporation on 9/29/2017 reported its EPS as $0.8 with the analysts projecting the EPS of the stock as $0.79.
    Some Irish-based Ryanair pilots to strike on December  20 - union

    Some Irish-based Ryanair pilots to strike on December 20 - union

    A crew shortage in September partly stemmed from rivals including Norwegian Air poaching its pilots. Employees have also formed local labor councils in Spain, Sweden, Portugal and the Netherlands.
  • Keaton Jones' Mom On Confederate Flag

    Keaton Jones' Mom On Confederate Flag

    She assured the CBS reporter that it had nothing to do with racist intent and said she's been bullied because she wasn't racist. And before y'all start talking to me about metaphorical, emotional, financial or historical blood & brokenness, Don't.
    Facebook Messenger now lets you add World Effects 3D objects

    Facebook Messenger now lets you add World Effects 3D objects

    All social media apps are working so hard to make their apps more attractive and user-friendly and also to compete each other. Messenger's new real-time 3D feature works as a filter that users can apply while shooting something or taking a selfie shot.
    Mobile snaps up Denver's Layer3 TV

    Mobile snaps up Denver's Layer3 TV

    Its CEO Jeff Binder claims that the company can send HD video at a bandwidth of less than 4 megabits per second. T-Mobile is launching a TV service next year, becoming the latest company to marry wireless and video.

Breaking News



Recommended

Not as cold tonight; cloudy skies through the weekend — FIRST ALERT FORECAST

There is a chance for rain in the morning on Monday , it will be cloudy, and we reach a bit above average into the low 50s. Another cold front will begin to move in over northeast NM... but the drop in temperatures will be felt Thursday .

Rouhani: US does not respect rights of Palestinians

Palestinians claim Jerusalem's eastern sector, where the mosque stands, as the capital of a future state, and they oppose the USA move.

LG Claims New Gram Laptops Will Last All Day

They feature a 72Wh battery that allows the 13.3-, 14- and 15.6-inch models last up to 22.5, 21.5 and 19 hours. There's no word on cost or exact configurations, but LG will likely reveal more at CES .

Senator McCain treated for side effects of cancer therapy

John McCain after she began crying while discussing her father's cancer on ABC's "The View" Wednesday. We're like two brothers who were somehow raised by different fathers because of our points of view.

Charlottesville City Council Reveals Proposed Changes to Permit Process

On Thursday, 20-year-old James Alex Fields is due in a Charlottesville courtroom for a hearing. Heaphy said Charlottesville police failed to protect the public.

NFL Network Sexual Harassment Bombshell Lawsuit Names Names Including Marshall Faulk,

Former NFL Network executive Eric Weinberger and former NFL Network analyst Donovan McNabb are among those named in the suit. Another sexual harassment scandal has been unleashed and this time it affects personnel at the NFL Network .

'DWTS' Stars Kym Johnson and Robert Herjavec Are Expecting Twins!

The happy couple met in 2015 when they were paired up on " Dancing With the Stars " and Wednesday a year later. The Shark Tank star, on the other hand, is already a father to three children from a previous marriage.

Republicans Slam Mueller, FBI And Justice Department Over Charges Of Bias

His appearance on Capitol Hill is part of the House Judiciary Committee's normal oversight of the Justice Department. Strzok was removed from Mueller's team in late July when his bosses found out about the texts.

U.S. military chopper's window falls on Japanese school

The US military admitted that the object is part of a CH-53E helicopter that belongs to the Futenma base. Japan's central government and Okinawa authorities have been at odds for years over the Futenma base.

NY police file terrorism charges against subway bombing suspect

He sustained injuries, including burns to his hands and abdomen, and was taken to Bellevue Hospital. This official said the police charges would likely be dropped when federal charges are filed.