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Syphilis and gonorrhoea on the rise

Syphilis and gonorrhoea on the rise

Increases have been seen in case numbers for chlamydia, gonorrhoea, herpes and syphilis - for which there has been a 28% rise in new diagnoses from 161 in 2016 to 206 in 2017.

Debbie Laycock, from the Terrence Higgins Trust, told the BBC: "Our sexual health services are stretched too thinly and demand outweighs availability, with more cuts already planned".

"The significant rise in both syphilis and gonorrhoea shows why further cuts are completely unacceptable and would be extremely damaging, particularly given the emergence of a new extensively drug-resistant strain of gonorrhoea", she added.

Landers said that Marion County is overrepresented in regard to STIs due to three reasons: the high number of correctional institutions in Marion County, the association between substance use and STIs and Marion County's relatively young population - chlamydia and gonorrhea are typically seen in under 25-year-olds. The man had travelled to south-east Asia from where he could have got the infection. "The impact of STIs can be considerable, with some causing infertility, pelvic inflammatory disease and harm to unborn babies", said Dr. Gwenda Hughes, consultant scientist and head of sexually transmitted infection section at Public Health England. In Australia, syphilis cases increased by 107% and gonorrhea increased by 63% between 2011 and 2016.

It follows the first case of gonorrhoea highly resistant to the two types of antibiotics used to treat it being recorded in the United Kingdom in March.

Syphilis and gonorrhea cases have increased by at least 20 percent since a year ago, according to figures released by Public Health England this week.

Last year, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported the highest number of Americans infected with STDs ever, with more than 2 million new cases of gonorrhea, syphilis and chlamydia.

The increase in syphilis follows a 10-year trend, with 78 percent of diagnoses in gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (MSM).

There has also been a sharp spike in syphilis across the board, with 5,955 cases treated in 2016, and 7,137 accounted for in 2017.

Most of the decrease took place in sexual and reproductive health services where chlamydia testing has fallen by 61% since 2015, which Public Health England said was "likely reflecting a reduction in service provision".

"More work must be done to ensure people from these groups have access to the information and sexual health services they need to improve and look after their sexual health". Infection rates for all three STIs have increased each year for the past three years in the USA, according to Marion County Health Officer Dr. Karen Landers.

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