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Indian-origin astronaut Sunita Williams set to create a new milestone

Indian-origin astronaut Sunita Williams set to create a new milestone

The missions will mark the first crewed launches from USA soil since the end of the space shuttle programme in 2011.

NASA named the crews for the first four flights planned with commercial partners Boeing and SpaceX at a Friday news conference at Johnson Space Center in Houston.

He said the announcement advances "our great American vision" and strengthens America's leadership in space. Robert Behnken, Doug Hurley, Eric Boe, Chris Ferguson, and Nicole Aunapu Mann are expected to launch aboard SpaceX and Boeing-operated vehicles in 2019, providing uncrewed flight tests of both spacecraft go well first.

Bob Behnken - flight test engineer, flew aboard the space shuttle Endeavour twice, during the STS-123 and STS-130 missions, and conducted six spacewalks, racking up 37 hours of spacewalking.

Bridenstine also introduced the crews of the first missions to the International Space Station by each new craft, which will follow the test flights.

Pioneering flights to the International Space Station aboard commercially built crew capsules will be the first leaving U.S. soil to put people into orbit.

The Starliner will launch from Cape Canaveral, Fla., aboard a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket, and the Dragon will launch aboard a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket from the Kennedy Space Center about 10 miles away.

As per IT House, SpaceX's Dragon spacecraft was launched on June 29, carrying a massive 2,697 kilograms of cargo to the International Space Station, which included experimental materials, spacewalking equipment, artificial intelligence jointly developed by IBM and Airbus.

NASA announced the nine names of the astronauts that will get in the Crew Dragon and Starliner capsules for both the test flights and actual first missions.

Boeing's second Starliner launch and first bona-fide NASA mission will send astronauts John Cassada and Suni Williams to the ISS. Since the last shuttle flight, NASA has relied on Russian Soyuz spacecraft to carry its astronauts to the International Space Station.

Williams has been named for the Boeing programme to the ISS - the first test flight scheduled to take place in the middle of 2019.

SpaceX's first NASA mission to the ISS, in turn, will include Victor Glover and Mike Hopkins. Ferguson, a former NASA astronaut and space shuttle commander, is Boeing's director of crew and mission systems. After that, the companies will move on to actual long-duration missions. Ferguson is the veteran of three space shuttle missions.

SpaceX will fly an uncrewed test flight in November 2018 and another with astronauts on board in April 2019.

In 2014, Boeing and SpaceX were awarded a combined $6.8 billion in contracts from NASA to develop spacecraft capable of flying crews to the space station. He also serves as a Navy commander, naval aviator and was a test pilot. In 2013 and 2014, Hopkins spent almost six months aboard the ISS, logging almost 13 hours of spacewalks.

Only seven astronauts in history have been the first to fly on a brand-new USA spacecraft. In any case, SpaceX is now the presumed leader of the race to capture the flag left on the station by the final space shuttle crew-a flag that has been waiting to return to Earth for eight years and counting.

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